Африкани́стика — комплекс дисциплин, изучающих экономику, социальные и политические проблемы, экономическую географию, историю, право, этнографию, языки, литературу и искусство народов Африки. В российской традиции африканистика занимается Африкой южнее Сахары.[1]


  • Africa’s population is the youngest amongst all the continents;[4][5] the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4
  • More than 40% of the population is below 15 years old in most sub-Saharan countries, as well as the Sudan but with the exception of South Africa,[7] in Uganda as many as 50% (as compared to 20% in the USA).
  • earliest Homo sapiens (modern human) found in Ethiopia being dated to circa 200,000 years ago.[7]
  • Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. In the late 19th century European countries colonized most of Africa.
  • countries: 54+2
  • population: 1.1 billion






Infantmortalityrate.jpgThe population of Africa has grown rapidly over the past century,[2] and consequently shows a large youth bulge, further reinforced by a low life expectancy of below 50 years in some African countries.[3] The population doubled in the period 1982–2009[4] and quadrupled from 1955–2009, according to United Nations estimates.[5] As of 2013, the total population of Africa is estimated at 1.1 billion, representing approximately 15% of the world’s population.[6]According to UN estimates, the population of Africa may reach nearly 2.5 billion by 2050 (about 26% of the world’s total) and nearly 4.4 billion by 2100 (about 39% of the world’s total).[1]


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