Африкани́стика — комплекс дисциплин, изучающих экономику, социальные и политические проблемы, экономическую географию, историю, право, этнографию, языки, литературу и искусство народов Африки. В российской традиции африканистика занимается Африкой южнее Сахары.
- Africa’s population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4
- More than 40% of the population is below 15 years old in most sub-Saharan countries, as well as the Sudan but with the exception of South Africa, in Uganda as many as 50% (as compared to 20% in the USA).
- earliest Homo sapiens (modern human) found in Ethiopia being dated to circa 200,000 years ago.
- Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. In the late 19th century European countries colonized most of Africa.
- countries: 54+2
- population: 1.1 billion
The population of Africa has grown rapidly over the past century, and consequently shows a large youth bulge, further reinforced by a low life expectancy of below 50 years in some African countries. The population doubled in the period 1982–2009 and quadrupled from 1955–2009, according to United Nations estimates. As of 2013, the total population of Africa is estimated at 1.1 billion, representing approximately 15% of the world’s population.According to UN estimates, the population of Africa may reach nearly 2.5 billion by 2050 (about 26% of the world’s total) and nearly 4.4 billion by 2100 (about 39% of the world’s total).